If you don’t clean your teeth thoroughly nor do you have regular tooth scaling, dental plaque and tartar will accumulate, which results in inflammation. Essentially, gum is closely attached on the surface of the roots. However, the inflammation separates the gum and the roots to form a gap which allows plaque and tartar to hide inside. And people couldn’t clean that area by brushing their teeth or using dental floss. Meanwhile, an early stage of periodontal disease may have formed. The patient may not aware of it because the symptoms are imperceptible. If you don’t handle it in time, gum will be inflamed and bone will be loss. When it comes to moderate, the supporting bone is lost, teeth become loosen, and the gum will recede.
If the situation exacerbates, the tooth will eventually be lost because of loss of supporting bone.
First, the dentist will examine the severity of your periodontal disease by checking your periodontal check-up records and x-ray photos. Then the dentist will formulate a suitable plan for your case based on the severity. If your case is mild, you will just need regular tooth scaling and pay attention to your oral hygiene.
If your case is moderate, you will receive a “deep cleaning” on deep pocket area of your gums. During the process, you may undergo topical anesthesia. Follow-ups will be arranged by the dentist, to ensure the periodontal disease is under control. If your case is too complex, the dentist will refer you to a specialist.